Historical Background: The Commission on Human Rights, a government constitutional office is mandated to establish a continuing programs of research, education, and to enhance respect for the primacy of human rights. To fulfill this mandate, it established linkages and collaboration efforts with the then Department of Education, Culture and Sports (DECS), presently the Department of Education (DEPED).with this effort, the two agencies forged a Joint of Declaration of Undertaking (JDU) in 1992 and a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) in 1996 which provided among others, development of human rights education curriculum for integration across the two levels of education.
To implement the main provision of the Memorandum of Agreement, a joint project was undertaken entitled: Writing Workshop in the Development of Human Rights Education Teaching Exemplars for the Elementary and the Secondary Levels .
In addition, as based on the CHR's Guiding Principles and Considerations in the Teaching of Human Rights, the implementation of any human rights education and teaching should be based on the principles which underline the charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenants on Human Rights and other Covenants on Human Rights. Consequently, equal emphasis should be placed on economic, social, cultural, civil, and political rights as well as individual and collective rights.
Phase I. Conduct of Writing Workshop
The main task of the writing workshop was to develop modules on human rights for the teaching of human rights for the Elementary and the Secondary Levels. This was conducted on March 31-April 10,1997 at the La Corona Hotel, Manila and was participated in by the curriculum writers/developers from DECS, CHR and the different academic institutions in the country. Some human rights experts were also invited to join this workshop and they were requested to give their inputs on human rights. In this activity, they were able to develop 124 prototype materials on the teaching of human rights.
Phase II. Orientation on the Use of the Human Rights Teaching Exemplars or Modules by the End Users
It was in 1998 that the Orientation was conducted in two(2) batches: first was held in Baguio City covering the Luzon areas, and the second was in Cebu City covering the Visayas and Mindanao areas.
Phase III. Pilot Testing of Modules
In order to gauge the effectiveness of the Modules, the prototype materials were pilot-tested in 54 strategic schools nationwide, where actual class demonstrations were conducted. It was during the class demonstrations that the CHR and DepEd Team was tasked to document all the comments and recommendations given by the teachers and supervisors who attended and observed the demonstration.
Phase IV. Final Revision of the Human Rights Modules
After the Pilot Testing, another Writing Workshop on the Finalization of the Human Rights Education Teaching Exemplars was conducted. This was participated in by the same writers/developers who were originally involved in the development of the modules. It was during this activity that they integrated all the comments and recommendations based on the documentation materials gathered during the pilot-testing of the modules.
The Second Edition of the Teaching Exemplars
The development of these Teaching Exemplars underwent a very tedious and rigorous process, as it also went through the changes of the educational system of the country. The Department of Education introduced a new curriculum, which led to the revision of the old or previous curriculum, now known as the Basis Education Curriculum or BEC. With this new development, it was deemed necessary to revise the Teaching Exemplars, thus, a Revision Workshop was conducted in order to make sure that all modifications or changes made in the writers' inputs would fit or match the new curriculum.
The Revision Workshop was conducted in two batches: one on August 11-15, 2003 and another on August 19-21, 2003. The activities were focused on the critiquing and final revision of the teaching exemplars.
Formal Presentation, Pilot -Testing and OrientationWorkshops on the Use of the Teaching Exemplars
The Teaching Exemplars were pilot-tested in the different areas of the country after they had been revised and finalized. Together with the pilot-testing was the orientation on how to use these Teaching Exemplars, wherein actual class demonstrations were conducted by two participants (one from the Elementary Level and another from the Secondary Level). The participants in these activities were the various teachers, principals, supervisors, superintendents, and other guests from the regional offices of the CHR and the DepEd . The workshops were conducted in four(4) batches:
Batch 1 -- Bayview Park Hotel
Roxas Boulevard, Manila
Batch 2 -- Eight Waves Waterparks and Hotel
San Rafael, Bulacan
October 21-23, 2003
Batch 3 -- ECOTECH Education and Learning Center
Lahug , Cebu City
October 28-30, 2003
Batch 4 -- Marco Polo Hotel
November 4-6, 2003
The four batches were successfully implemented and these gave hope/assurance and inspiration for the realization of the teaching of human rights to all the public elementary and secondary schools under the Department of Education.
The Development of the Human Rights Education Facilitators' Manual
The development of the Human Rights Education Facilitators' Manual was triggered by the results of the survey of the Human Rights Awareness Level of Public School Teachers conducted. Based on the results, it was found out that the knowledge level of the teachers on human rights was low. To initially address this need, The Commission on Human Rights and the Department of Education jointly developed a Facilitators' Manual, which was designed as a teaching tool or aid for the Trainers of Teachers; and to be able to efficiently teach human rights, the teachers should be well-equipped with the knowledge and skills on human rights.
The Manual was composed of several Modules namely:
The Program Engagement The Learning Process
Human Rights Violations
Why Teach Human Rights
Foundations of Human Rights
Human Rights Principles and Concepts
Handling Disclosure of Child Abuse
Teacher as HR Advocates
The Human Rights Teaching Exemplars
The Human rights Education Facilitators' Manual
Visioning and Action Planning
Clearing House and Closure
Validation of the Manual
To gauge whether the Manual was indeed an effective tool for the teaching of human rights, a series of Validation Workshops were conducted. The participants of these workshops were the various teachers, principals and supervisors from Regions I, VI and VIII. The process and content of the modules were carefully monitored as to how it was conducted and how it has affected the participants.
The validation was conducted in three(3) batches:
Batch 1 -- Gardenia Hotel, Dagupan City
July 22-24, 2003
Batch 2 -- Royal AMREI Hotel, Bacolod City
July 29-31, 2003
Batch 3 -- Harbor Lights, Cagayan de Oro City
July 29-31, 2003
Critiquing and Final Revision of the Session Guides
The session guides contained in the Facilitators' Manual were polished, wherein the contents were revised based on the comments, suggestions and recommendations during the validation workshops. The revision activity were conducted in two batches: one in Bayview Park Hotel, Manila on August 11-15, 2003 and another was held at the Silver Place Hotel, Makati City on August 19-21, 2003.
Formal Presentation of the Facilitators' Manual
The final copy of the Manual was packaged and was eventually launched or presented simultaneously during the formal presentation of the Teaching Exemplars, which was done in four batches.
The Printing of the Teaching Exemplars
It was the desire of the Commission on Human Rights and the Department of Education to package the Teaching Exemplars in a more presentable manner, in book-bound form, and at the same time have them reproduced en mass. Thus, after the layout had been prepared, the ring-bound books were ready for printing.
For its reproduction, the job order bid was awarded to Anthony John Enterprises, and to this effect a Contract of Services was signed between the two parties, of which was later amended. A s agreed upon, Anthony John Enterprises was to print and deliver the following: 1) Grades 1 to 6 (834 copies), and 2) First Year to Fourth Year (1,164 copies).
Printing Status of the Teaching Exemplars and the Facilitators' Manual
As of this time, both the Teaching Exemplars and the Facilitators' Manual are still in their final proofreading prior to its final printing.
Since 1989, the Commission on Human rights, in cooperation with the Department of National Defense, Department of the Interior and Local Government, and the Department of Justice, took steps towards the integration of Human Rights Education Programs in all Education and Training institutions of the Police and the Military.
To fully equip the men in uniform about the teachings on human rights, a graduated human rights education curricula was developed and produced. These curricula were eventually integrated in their respective education and training institutions.
CHR - DepEd Activities re: Training of Trainors (TOT) and Teachers on Human Rights Education (HRE)
Region V February 23-27, 2004 Albay Hotel, Legaspi City
Region VII March 1-5, 2004 Ecotech, Cebu City
Region II & March 15-19, 2004 CAR Ating Tahanan , Baguio City
Region IV-A March 29 - April 2, 2004 Fontana Resort, Pampanga
Region VIII April 12 -16, 2004 Leyte Park Hotel, Leyte
Region XI & April 26 -30, 2004 CARAGA Regency Hotel, Davao City
Region XII May 24 -28, 2004 and ARMM Estosan Hotel, Cotabato City
Regions IX June 21 -25, 2004 and X Astoria Hotel, Zamboanga City
Region VI July 5 -9, 2004 Royal AMREI Hotel, Bacolod City
Regions I July 19 - 23, 2004 and IV-B Legend Hotel, Palawan City
NCR August 2 - 6, 2004 Legenda Hotel, SMBA, Olongapo City
Region III August 16 -20, 2004 Legenda Hotel, SMBA, Olongapo City
Process and content documentation in all TOTs are still in the process of encoding by the assigned documentors .
Some of the Projects and /or Programs planned by the Office for Implementation:
Rights Based Approach to Development (RBAD)
For Mindanao and CHR Employees
HRETP for the Police/Military
CHR - DepEd Activities
Monitoring of Regional Accomplishment Reports on PIE activities
Internally Displaced Peoples' Rights